Some physiological aspects of referred pain

  • 10 Pages
  • 1.77 MB
  • English

s.n. , [Canada?
Statementby D. Fraser Harris.
SeriesCIHM/ICMH Microfiche series = CIHM/ICMH collection de microfiches -- no. 76182
The Physical Object
Pagination1 microfiche (10 fr.)
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17501970M
ISBN 100665761821

Additional Physical Format: Print version: Fraser-Harris, David Fraser, Some physiological aspects of referred pain. [Canada?]: [publisher not identified], [?] (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors: David Fraser Fraser-Harris.

SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF REFERRED PAIN. Harris DF. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 01 Apr2(4): PMID: PMCID: PMC Free to read. Share this article Share with email Share with twitter Share with linkedin Share with facebook. Abstract. No abstract provided. Free full text.

Lampl, in Encyclopedia of Human Behavior (Second Edition), Referred Pain. Referred pain is one of somatic visceral origin which is projected to a fixed distant location. The best examples for this disorder are the projection of cardiac pain in the left shoulder and arm: pain in the right shoulder, pain in gallbladder diseases, and back pain in peptic ulcer.

Excerpt from Some Physiological Aspects of Referred Pain Since. Then, the fifth to the eighth cervical nerves and the first denial nerve have no white rami communicantes, the segments to which they are related are not the seats of the transference neces sary to evoke referred pain, and hence the related skin-areas are exempt from it and constitute what Dr.

Head has called the brachial Author: D. Fraser Harris. Readers have access to legions of books dealing with the molecular, genetic, neurochemical, neurophysiological, neuroanatomical, neuroradiological and psychological aspects of pain as well as with the clinical approaches to pain from various medical disciplines.

Why then is it necessary to publish a book on the pathophysiologyofpain perception?5/5(1). Other examples of referred pain often include the gall bladder referring pain to the top of the right shoulder, a diaphragm problem felt in the neck, and intestinal dysfunction felt in the middle or the low back.

Referred pain can be a valuable diagnostic tool. Often the clinician is able to diagnose a condition or disease based on the typical. •Some people are born without a sense of pain. •Some people may feel pain but lack the physiological and biochemical mechanisms of pain remains incomplete and will continue to expand •Referred to other locations.

Area is usually segmental and superficial, i.e. to muscle, skin or both and innervated by the. Referred pain Definition Physiological Basis/ Mechanism Different Examples Importance 4. Definition pain perceived at a location other than the site of the painful stimulus.

Irritation of a visceral organ frequently produces pain that is felt not at that site but in some somatic structure that may be a considerable distance away. Some types of neuropathic pain may develop when the PNS has become damaged, causing the pain fibres to transmit pain impulses repetitively and become increasingly sensitive to stimuli.

Neuroplasticity may also develop and is characterised by abnormal neuronal sprouting in the PNS and within the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. standing and management of pain and 2) to introduce some strategies to improve pain man-agement (e.g., CPGs, standards), as further explored in monograph 2.

Due to the breadth and complexity of the subject matter, a compre-hensive discussion of all aspects of pain assess-ment and management is beyond the scope of this monograph. Referred pain, also called reflective pain, is pain perceived at a location other than the site of the painful stimulus.

An example is the case of angina pectoris brought on by a myocardial infarction (heart attack), where pain is often felt in the neck, shoulders, and back rather than in the thorax (chest), the site of the injury. The International Association for the Study of Pain has not. Physical and Psychological Aspects of Pain in Obstetrics.

By Longinus N. Ebirim, Omiepirisa Yvonne Buowari and Subhamay Ghosh. Submitted: April 5th Reviewed: October 1st Published: October 24th DOI: / Pain is a complex physiological reaction to injury, directing nociceptive signals from pain receptors to the brain (Møller et al., ; Ullrich, ).

In humans, genetic variance associated. This is called referred pain. For instance, pain in one of the visceral organs often is referred to an area on the body surface. Knowledge of the different types of referred pain is important in clinical diagnosis because in many visceral ailments the only clinical sign is referred pain.

Mechanism of Referred Pain. Figure shows the. This is called refered pain. The deep pain and some visceral pain are referred to other areas.

But superficial pain is not referred. REFERED PAIN 1) Heart pain is referred to the inner aspect of left arm.

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2) Diaphragmatic pain to the tip of the shoulder 3) Ureteric pain to the testes in male and the inner aspect of the thigh in female.

Referred pain, as defined by Anderson, is “pain felt at a site different from the injured or diseased organ or body part.” 1 Radiating pain, however, is not defined by Anderson; radiating pain is more commonly used in connection with pain perceived in somatic nerve and spinal nerve root distributions (i.e.

the dermatomes that all physicians learn early in their training). Pain receptors Other organs, such as the gut and muscles, have fewer pain receptors.

It is interesting to note that the brain itself does not have any pain receptors at all, and is therefore. Physiological pain may be defined as a specific sensorial sensation induced in normal tissues when external stimuli are applied with sufficient intensity to endanger tissue integrity.

Because pain may be induced by a wide variety of stimuli, it has not always been accepted as constituting a sensorial sensation. Considerable evidence exists, however, to indicate that physiological pain is a.

The first attempt to integrate the physiological with psychological pain aspects was achieved by Melzak and Wall in through development of the “gate theory” of pain. This theory incorporated the three systems that are involved in pain experience: sensory-discriminative, motivational-affective, and cognitive-evaluative.

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Description Some physiological aspects of referred pain EPUB

A 78 year old man with no significant past medical history presents to his primary care physician with 4 days of right shoulder pain. The pain is located over the acromioclavicular joint. The pain is worse at night with lying down and associated with shortness of breath.

He states that the pain is better during the day. He is an avid ping pong player and does not have pain or shortness of. Patients with chronic pain may be referred to psychologists by other health care providers.

Psychologists may collaborate with other health care professionals to address both the physical and emotional aspects of the patient’s pain. When working with a psychologist, you can expect to discuss your physical and emotional health.

The simplest and most widely used is the Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) which asks patients to rate their pain from 0 to 10 with 0 indicating no pain and 10 indicating maximum pain. 6 In some instances, clinicians will ask the patient to rate their worst pain level and best pain level in the last 30 days, as well as a range of their typical.

Several theoretical frameworks have been proposed to explain the physiological basis of pain, although none yet completely accounts for all aspects of pain perception.

Here, we provide a historical overview of the major contributions, ideas, and competing theories of pain from ancient civilizations to Melzack and Wall's Gate Control Theory of Pain.

Psychological aspects ofpain essays on hysteria, pain was a prominent symptom. However, the actual frequency of hy- steria as a cause of pain is very difficult to assess. Although the validity of the diagnosis of hysteria has been disputed (Slater, ) and it certainly carries hazards, there is some evidence that hysterical mechanisms are important in the development at least of persistent.

Objective: The objective of the article is to present important psychological aspects of studies concerning pain, and the psychological methods and techniques of pain treatment.

State of knowledge: Pain is the leading reason for patients seeking medical care and is one of the most disabling, burdensome, and costly conditions. This process of homeostatic restoration can add further physical and psychological stress.

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Physiologically, the body may experience deleterious effects, such as immune system suppression, hypertension, and physical discomfort such as stomach pains or heart burn. The psychological aspects of pain result in the body activating the limbic system.

As well as treating the physical and functional disabilities related to pain, nurses also need to look at the psychological and emotional consequences of suffering from chronic pain.

These individuals have a fear of being judged negatively, experience mental defeat, and have higher levels of shame and guilt than people who are healthy (Turner. Pain catastrophizing is defined as an exaggerated negative “mental set” or a negative cognitive-affective response to anticipated or actual pain.

2 It has been defined as “the tendency to magnify or exaggerate the threat value or seriousness of pain sensations, to feel helpless in the context of pain, and [to be unable] to inhibit pain. Psychological aspects of chronic pain: a literature review Introduction Pain is the most frequently cited reason for visits to general practitioners and for the use of auxiliary healthcare services.1 It is estimated that in the United States of America alone near 70 million individuals experience some form of acute, recurrent or chronic pain.

Pain, a complex experience consisting of a physiological and a psychological response to a noxious is a warning mechanism that protects an organism by influencing it to withdraw from harmful stimuli; it is primarily associated with injury or the threat of injury.

Pain is subjective and difficult to quantify, because it has both an affective and a sensory component.• Strong emotional response to pain • Incapacitating • Leads to avoidance behaviorr* - physical/social activity • Vicious cyclee* pain - lack of activity due to fear of pain - increase in depression, leads to more pain • Chronic pain without obvious cause/damage - seen by pt as evidence of psychopathology.The word "pain" comes from the latin meaning punishment, a fine, a penalty.

Pain is an unpleasant sensation; nociception or nociperception is a measurable physiological event of a type usually associated with pain and agony and suffering. A sensation of pain can exist in the absence of nociception: it can occur in response to both external perceived events (for example, seeing .